Bats of Newfoundland and Labrador

Three species of bats have been confirmed to date on the island of Newfoundland and one in Labrador. These are the Little Brown Bat, the Northern Long-eared Bat, and the Hoary Bat.

 

The Little Brown Bat and the Northern Long-eared Bat are known to breed in the province. The Little Brown Bat is the most common on the island and is the only species known to live in Labrador. It can be a challenge to locate, observe, identify and census bats because of their nocturnal and secretive nature. When you can find them, they are likely to be flying around, zigzagging and diving in the dark of the night.

hoary_bat.jpg

Hoary Bat

littlebrown.jpg

Little Brown Bat

longear.jpg

Northern Long-Eared Bat

White Nose Syndrome

wns.webp

Nearly 40% of North American bat species are threatened or endangered. Around the world, many more bat populations are declining at alarming rates. In Newfoundland and Labrador, our bat populations have been affected by the White-nose Syndrome (WNS). It is caused by a fungus and was first detected in a New York cave in 2006. Mortality rates often exceed 90% in infected hibernating sites. There is no known cure of WNS. 

Bat Myth #1

Bats can actually see very well in the day and the night

Bats are Blind

Bat Myth #2

Bats do not become entangled in human hair deliberately, though they may dive for flying insects near a person's head

Bats Get tangled in hair

Bat Myth #3

The bats of NL do not feed on blood. The little brown bat is a harmless insect eater. Most bats feed on insects or fruit.

Bats Drink Blood

Bat Myth #4

Bats are not birds but flying mammals.

Bats are Birds

Bat Myth #5

Not all bats bite and carry diseases. Bats seldom transmit disease to other animals or humans, but bats are wild animals and just in case should not be disturbed.

All bats bite: They carry rabies and diseases

Bat Boxes

It's no secret, bat populations are declining. One major reason for the decline of bat populations is the loss of habitat. One way to counteract this problem is install a bat box/house. A bat box is a simple and effective way to provide additional roosting habitat for bats in the area.

A bat box is a shelter where bats can roost during the day. Setting up bat house can help facilitate the conservation of bat populations. Furthermore, if you want the bats to leave your house, but still keep them in the surrounding area, setting up bat houses can help keep bats in the area after removing them from your buildings.

Bats only have one pup per year, so providing them safe haven is vital to their survival. Bats also make great neighbours; they help control insects through spring and summer.

BatHouseGraphic_ania2.png
BigBrownBat & Trad BatBox_PetePattavina_DSC_2066.jpg
Pynns Brook Bat Box_SAM.png

Resources

littlebrownbatprofile_banner.jpg
Gov NL Logo.jpg

Provincial Government Programs

- Wildlife observations
- Provincial

- Year round

The Department of Fisheries and Land resources would like to hear from you about exotic species and several species at risk! Send any sightings including the date, specific location and photos (if available) to:

endangeredspecies@gov.nl.ca
 

Bats - call the toll free bat line at 1-833-434-BATS (2287)
i) Sick or dead bats

ii) Bat overwintering sites (hibernacula)

(Remember to never touch bats with bare hands)