Action: Learn about Wildlife 

Newfoundland and Labrador is home to a wealth of wildlife species, both native and introduced. For generations, Newfoundlanders and Labradorians have taken pride and pleasure in the bountiful nature that surrounds them. Educating yourself and others about the wildlife that surrounds you is one of the best ways to feel connected to that heritage and to the natural world around you. 


Want to learn more about wildlife in the province? Check out the provincial lists of wildlife species here or check out the wildlife guides and apps below. 

Resource: Interpretive Guides

Check out the guides and resources on this page to get started on identifying the plants and animals around you. Just choose a guide, download the PDF, print, and go! 

NL Boreal Forest Wildlife Guide
A species list of some of the common
wildlife in the boreal forest of NL

NL Wetland Wildlife Guide
A species list of some of the common wildlife in the Wetlands of NL

Nature Apps and Learning Tools

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Invasive Species

Newfoundland and Labrador is home to several invasive species, one of which is the European Green Crab. The European Green Crab is one of the ten most unwanted species in the world. This small coastal crab, which is highly resilient, competes for prey as they are voracious predators, and has the potential to upset the overall balance of the marine ecosystem. Unless this invasive species is controlled, it will have significant impact on biodiversity and habitats in Canadian ecosystems.

Eradicating European Green Crab is nearly impossible, but limiting their population spread may be feasible. Collaborations between Fisheries and Oceans Canada, fish harvesters, the Fish, Food and Allied Workers of Newfoundland, Memorial University of Newfoundland and the provincial Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, showed that where they sustainably removed the green crab, catch rates decreased considerably and the native species, the Jonah crabs, were able to regain their territory.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, in order to control the populations of Green Crab, may distribute nuisance permits to fisherman - allowing them to destroy any green crabs they catch in an effort to reduce the population size. Those who wish to obtain a permit may contact Cynthia Mackenzie, Aquatic Invasive Species lead in DFO Science, St. John’s at There is no cost for the permit but there is a requirement to complete log sheets.